Optimizing REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep in adolescents is crucial for their overall health and well-being, as REM sleep plays a significant role in memory consolidation, emotional regulation, and cognitive function. Major mental illnesses, such as depression, bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia affect REM asleep. Lack of, or shorter, REM sleep can also lead to a range of mental health problems presenting as depression, anxiety, ADHD et cetera....

It is still uncertain whether trauma induced autism is real, rare or commonplace and clinicians might be able to help by asking for history of trauma when assessing patients for autism. The number of reported trauma-induced autism cases is still insufficient to project definite information over the entire autistic population....

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) is a comprehensive guide used by mental health professionals to diagnose and classify mental disorders, including depression. This manual provides an in-depth understanding of the symptoms, criteria, and diagnostic process for depression, enabling healthcare providers to accurately identify and assess individuals experiencing depressive symptoms. It offers valuable insights into the various subtypes of depression, associated features, and differential diagnoses. Additionally, the...

Psychedelics are known as illicit substances used as recreational drugs. Nevertheless, there have been new studies examining their efficacy for management of major depressive disorder, treatment resistant depression (TRD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse/addiction. Currently, the main psychedelics that have been investigated include 3,4 Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA), Psilocybin, Ketamine, Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)....

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